Lighting in the bathroom can make the room cozy, warm, and conducive to relaxation after a working day. And the cold bright light in the morning will invigorate. The organization of lighting in the bathroom by zones is the key to a pleasant atmosphere.
We must remember that the bathroom is a room with a high level of humidity. High-quality shower niche lighting can only be achieved by a competent arrangement of light sources, and correctly selected lamps in terms of power.
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Illumination by Zones
Electricians use the layout of fixtures in the bathroom:
- Spot or ceiling lamps provide overhead lighting (on the ceiling);
- Spots and ceiling lamps on the wall are used for auxiliary and working lighting, for zoning the room;
- Spot and LED strips are used for lower lighting, and for decorating a room (illuminating steps, a bath pedestal).
The bathroom layout dictates which lighting fixtures will be installed in a particular area. Their choice is influenced by the design of the room, the height, and contours of plumbing, and furniture.
By the mirror
In the bathroom, regardless of its dimensions, it is recommended to equip several zones.
For example, a mirror has a workplace.
Selects the backlight of a neutral glow. A person’s skin will not look pale or yellow. So that the lighting does not irritate the eyes, preference is given to diffused light. Lampshades made of frosted glass and plastic are used as the main sources near the mirror.
Lamps are placed at the same distance on both sides of the mirror sheet. The lighting in this case will be uniform, no shadow will fall on the face. For the main illumination, LED lamps from 40 to 60 W are used.
An LED strip with IP67 protection is the second option for lighting the area near the mirror. The marking indicates that water drops will not damage the tape.
Tape around the perimeter of the mirror is considered the main backlight. And the bathroom mirror with decorative lighting is the placement of the tape behind the work surface. The stream of light is partially lost. To prevent the rays from falling into the eyes, the decorative LED strip is covered with an aluminum frame, which directs the entire stream of light into the mirror.
Instead of one large mirrored canvas, you can place a cabinet with mirrored doors. Built-in LED strips are used as the main illumination.
Lighting in the bath and shower area
LEDs are used to create decorative lighting for the bath and shower. Due to the flexibility of the LED strip, it is possible to accurately repeat the contour of the plumbing fixture.
Manufacturers place LED lighting in the bathroom under a protective frame. This saves the light elements from temperature and water fluctuations. The tape is launched along the contour of the plumbing fixture.
Lights at the bottom of the hot tub or cabana create an unforgettable atmosphere. For decorative lighting of the jacuzzi, diode lamps are suitable that emit a luminous flux in different colors (blue, yellow, purple). The choice of shade does not depend on the color of the tiles in the bathroom.
High humidity in the room can cause injury if a person is in a poorly lit area. Good lighting on the ceiling above the bath bowl and shower cubicle will ensure the safety of the residents of the house or apartment.
Mounted one or two ceiling lights. Spot elements with LED lamps will fit into any interior. To please the eye, the lamps are covered with diffusers.
Decoration of furniture, niches, shelves
In the bathroom, the lighting element performs not only its main role but can also be used to improve the design of a single piece of furniture.
For example, niches and shelves are decorated with white LED strips. They are attached under the protruding parts. A bathroom shelf with light blue or blue lighting seems light and airy.
One or two large dot LEDs (5 cm in diameter) decorate a chest of drawers or a side cabinet. The furniture recessed deep into the niche is illuminated by a ribbon or spotlights. A stream of rays of white, gold, and blue light fits into any interior.
In the bathroom, a circuit breaker is installed to regulate the flow of light in the cabinet with LED strip lighting. When the door is opened, 3-4 LED strip lights come on.
On the floor, lighting fixtures act as additional lighting. IP67-marked LED lamps are used. They are protected from water and dust, which is important in a room with high humidity.
Illumination is laid around the perimeter of the room. If spotlights are installed, then they are marked according to this pattern. But there are examples of bathroom interiors, where they are mounted along one wall.
Light fixtures in the bathroom, in addition to performing their main function, can also highlight one of the areas of the room, set the style for the interior, and visually expand the space.
Properly organizing lighting in the bathroom is very difficult. For daredevils who nevertheless decided to do everything on their own, tips will come in handy:
- It is recommended to buy lighting in the bathroom in specialized hardware stores, where the issue of the safety of the operation of the lamp is confirmed by a product quality certificate. You can not save on components and wiring.
- If you need a uniform stream of light, then two dim lamps will do more than one powerful spotlight. Mirrors help enhance the lighting in the room. Spotlights harmoniously fit into the interior of a small bathroom.
- The stream of light is directed at right angles to the reflecting surface. This way you can avoid glare. Colored lamps are used when you need to focus on a particular area. Facing a rough surface “eats” light faster than a glossy one.
Lighting in the bathroom plays an important role and gives the appearance of this room. For example, bright powerful lamps can visually ruin any design. Therefore, in order to emphasize elegant or creative interior techniques, it is necessary to choose the right light: installation method, fixtures, and zonal distribution scheme.